The foundation of federal system laid in communes

Sorgul Şêxo

TIL TEMIR – In Rojava’s Kurdistan, historical developments in military, political and social areas are taking place. In Rojava, where a new life is being build led by women, communes in which all peoples take part, are being formed.

Life on the basis of a democratic nation is reactivating in Rojava’s Kurdistan. This takes place as the result of resistance and struggle beyond comparison. The women resisting with the motto, “Rojava revolution is a women’s revolution” are building the new life. As the women lead in every sphere of life including fighting on the fronts, they have formed the communes since the beginning of the revolution.

What is commune?

Commune is the smallest cell of the autonomous system and it reveals an organized power. The foundation of the Northern Syria Democratic Federal System is commune. All peoples living in the Northern Syria directly take part in communes. Equal representation is based when communes are formed. Members of the communes organize themselves in every sphere of life and they create resource to meet the society’s needs. They solve social problems by organizing meetings and making decisions together.

Communes’ working methods

The communes’ members are also involving in progressing in areas such as social economy, education, political and defense areas. The members never make decision alone in the communal system. A meeting is organized to make an equal decision. Regular meeting are held once a week or every 15 days. During these meeting, the people discuss how they solve the problems, the current situation and how to develop the communes.

People from each community take part in communes

All peoples from all religions and beliefs can take part in the communes with their own colors. The communes work through their own means and form their own power. The communes comprise of people from every community. The communes never take their problems to the states. All members are equal for the communes and they protect their members. No one can act against the decisions taken by the communes.

Equality is important for communes

Communes are formed in each village or neighborhood. Equality is important for the communes. The rights of women and men are specified as equal in communes. When a decision is taken about the women, a meeting with the participation of female members is organized. The co-chairs of the communes discuss the decisions together and develop a solution together.

Characteristics of women’s communes

Women’s communes are formed specifically and by women’s power. Only women perform the communes’ activities. Women carry out the meetings and education activities together and they make decisions together. Since the women are primary force in the revolution, every woman is responsible for the commune in their village.

Introduction of committees in the communes

There are many complementary and accelerating committees in each commune to form an equal and democratic society. These committees have taken many steps by playing a positive role in the communes’ works until now. Every member can take part in the committees. Each commune comprises of six committees. These committees are the defense committee, the education committee, the economic committee, the health committee and the compromise committee.

Defense Committee

The defense committee chooses its members to protect the village and the neighborhood. The chosen members take weapon training to protect their people and themselves. The members are patrolling every night and the commune members are always ready against a possible attack.

Compromise Committee

The compromise committee works to solve social problems in a peaceful way and to protect the social peace.

Health Committee

The health committee work to solve health problems, particularly in places where there isn’t a hospital or health center. The committee members help the patients and they have health education.

Education Committee

Education is so important for a society. There is no doubt that education is needed to break the 5,000-year-old masculine mindset in the society. The members of the Education Committee determine the time for education and all members of the committee attend this education.

Economic Committee

The Economic Committee is responsible for vital needs such as providing electricity, water and bread. The members have to meet the vital needs. This committee performs its works quickly.

Gulîxan Tahir, from Kongra Star, commented on the communes and said: “If there weren’t any communes, the communal sprit couldn’t develop and the society would be fall apart. The communes have existed since the beginning of mankind. There is an organized power in everywhere has a commune. Each committee is standing by its own power and this shows the commune system has equal and successful works. The foundation of federal system is laid in communes. Many people from different national live together under the communes. The federal system is guaranteed along with the communes.”

‘The communes have joint spirit’

Newroz Şêxmûs, Co-chair of Viyan Cûdî Commune, said, “There are many committees in the communes. Each committee stands on its own power and they complete each other. All works are carried out together. The first thing is to form a commune and assembly in the liberated regions.”